How COPD affects gas exchange?

March 18, 2022
Gas exchange is frequently hampered in persons with COPD. This is due to the fact that COPD is linked to increasing deterioration to the alveoli and airways. Pulmonary disease symptoms include shortness of breath, coughing, and exhaustion due to a lack of gas exchange. Hypoxemia and hypercapnia are also consequences.
COPD has an impact on this process. COPD and Emphysema can cause the alveoli, or tiny air sacs that allow oxygen to enter the bloodstream, to be destroyed. When they are destroyed, huge air pockets called bullae emerge in the lungs. Unlike normal lung tissue, these bullae do not exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide.

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